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Sombatsiri K, 1978. Early forms include: From these forms came the botanical Latin melongēna. Like the tomato, its skin and seeds can be eaten, but, like the potato, it is usually eaten cooked. Preferred Scientific Name. Modern descendants of this ancient Dravidian word include Malayalam vaṟutina and Tamil vaṟutuṇai. Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) is one of the most common and popular vegetable crop throught India. The cut surface of the flesh rapidly turns brown when the fruit is cut open (oxidation). Solanum trongum Poir. Eggplant or Brinjal (Solanum melongena) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics. [40] Eggplants also feature in several Japanese expression and proverbs, such as "Don't feed autumn eggplant to your wife" (秋茄子は嫁に食わすな, akinasu ha yomi ni kuwasuna) and "Always listen to your parents" (親の意見と茄子の花は千に一つも無駄はない, oya no iken to nasubi no hana ha sen ni hitotsu mo muda ha nai, literally: "not even one in a thousand of a parents' opinion or an eggplant flower are in vain"). As the name indicates, symptoms of the disease include shortening of the petioles and production of leaves which are much smaller in size. [34] Bt brinjal was approved for commercial cultivation in Bangladesh in 2013.[35]. Scientific name . Perhaps the best-known Turkish eggplant dishes are imam bayıldı (vegetarian) and karnıyarık (with minced meat). Some other cultivars are white and longer in shape. Always avoid over-mature, old-stock, and sunken eggplants as they tastebitter and, therefore, unappetizing. Green or purple cultivars with white striping also exist. [14] Records exist from later medieval Catalan and Spanish.[15]. Ask your question. English: eggplant (USA) Spanish: berenjena; French: mélongène; Arabic: bâdhingân; Portuguese: berinjela; Local Common Names. Its numerous seeds are small, soft and edible, along with the rest of the fruit, and do not have to be removed. 12 (4), 259-268. 1Senior Scientific officer, 2Chief Scientific Officr (In-charge), 3,4&5Scientific Officer, ... population abundance of red spider mite in brinjal, cucumber, snake gourd, teasle [64], The eggplant has a long history of taxonomic confusion with the scarlet and Ethiopian eggplants (Solanum aethiopicum), known as gilo and nakati, respectively, and described by Linnaeus as S. aethiopicum. Female P. operculella use the leaves to lay their eggs and the hatched larvae will eat away at the mesophyll of the leaf. The Dravidian word was borrowed into the Indic languages, giving ancient forms such as Sanskrit and Pali vātiṅ-gaṇa (alongside Sanskrit vātigama) and Prakrit vāiṃaṇa. #shorts #YouTubeshort #short #shortvideo Biology students bataye baingan scientific name | brinjal botanical name | baingan ka vagyanic naam In 2018, world production of eggplants was 54 million tonnes, led by China with 63% of the total and India with 24% (table). Maharashtra and the adjacent state of Karnataka also have an eggplant-based vegetarian pilaf called 'vangi bhat' [50].. Eggplant is often stewed, as in the French ratatouille, or deep-fried as in the Italian parmigiana di melanzane, the Turkish karnıyarık, or Turkish, Greek, and Levantine musakka/moussaka, and Middle Eastern and South Asian dishes. In a dish from Maharashtra called bharli vangi, small brinjals are stuffed with ground coconut, peanuts, onions, tamarind, jaggery and masala spices, and then cooked in oil. Eggplant is the egg-shaped glossy black fruit with white flesh and a meaty texture. [64], Like the potato and S. lichtensteinii, but unlike the tomato, which then was generally put in a different genus, the eggplant was also described as S. esculentum, in this case once more in the course of Dunal's work. * According to FAO in 2012, China ranks first in the production of brinjal (58% of world output) and India ranks second(25%), contributing 13557.8 million tonnes to the world production. Individuals who are atopic (genetically predisposed to developing certain allergic hypersensitivity reactions) are more likely to have a reaction to eggplant, which may be because eggplant is high in histamines. Eggplant in Indian Languages. Populations usually decline as temperatures warm in spring. 2 In tropical and subtropical climates, eggplant can be sown in the garden. This testifies the great diversity of the insect and mite pests in … 1. First recorded in 1763, the word "eggplant" was originally applied to white cultivars, which look very much like hen's eggs (see image). Different cultivars of the plant produce fruit of different size, shape, and color, though typically purple. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF EGGPLANT – In this topic, we are going to know about the scientific name of eggplant or known in the country as talong. Scientific / Botanical Name of Eggplant. All spider mites spin fine strands of webbing on the host plant — hence their name. The Hobson-Jobson dictionary comments that 'probably there is no word of the kind which has undergone such extraordinary variety of modifications, whilst retaining the same meaning, as this'.[27]. Common Name. It was originally domesticated from the wild nightshade species thorn or bitter apple, S. incanum,[6][7][8] probably with two independent domestications: one in South Asia, and one in East Asia. For this reason, it should generally not be planted in areas previously occupied by its close relatives. Through the colonial expansion of Portugal, the Portuguese form bringella was borrowed into a variety of other languages: Thus although Indian English brinjal ultimately originates in languages of the Indian Subcontinent, it actually came into Indian English via Portuguese. The dish is characteristically served with the stalk attached. Solanum ovigerum Dunal Common Name. ... A fully grown mite lives for about 2 weeks and lays about 200 eggs during this time. Little leaf of brinjal is known to cause heavy economic losses in India. In 13th meteorological week the spider mite population was ranging between 7.13 to 21.00 mites/ leaf Spider Mites. Brinjal derived its name during the 16th and 17th centuries from the Portuguese word beringela. Eggplant grown in temperate climates fares better when transplanted into the garden after all danger of frost has passed. The term guinea in the name originally denoted the fact that the fruits were associated with West Africa. The life cycle is completed in 20-25 days. Parmigiana di melanzane, eggplant parmesan. The less common white varieties of eggplant are also known as Easter white eggplants, garden eggs, Casper or white eggplant. China, India, Turkey, Egypt, Iran, Japan and Italy are the largest producers. The term brinjal is less common that is heard in countries like India. ... scientific names of the insect and mite pest species. Several other names that are now invalid have been uniquely applied to it:[64], A number of subspecies and varieties have been named, mainly by Dikii, Dunal, and (invalidly) by Sweet. Smith FF; Baker EW, 1968. In the tropics and sub-tropics. An actual S. violaceum, an unrelated plant described by Ortega, included Dunal's S. amblymerum and was often confused with the same author's S. Common North American pests include the potato beetles, flea beetles, aphids, whiteflies, and spider mites. Growers typically cut fruits from the vine just above the calyx owing to the somewhat woody stems. A Spanish dish called escalivada in Catalonia calls for strips of roasted aubergine, sweet pepper, onion, and tomato. Eggplant is used in the cuisines of many countries. It belongs to the family Solanaceae. They are known as talong and is widely used in many stew and soup dishes, like pinakbet. esculentum (L.) Nees", "Bt Brinjal in Bangladesh: Too early to draw conclusions on contamination, says expert", "Korean restaurant owner cooks from the heart Andy Starnes/Post-Gazette", "All the hallmarks of world-class cuisine", "North, South, Go Pick! An English botany book in 1597 described the madde or raging Apple: This plant groweth in Egypt almost everywhere... bringing foorth fruite of the bignes of a great Cucumber.... We have had the same in our London gardens, where it hath borne flowers, but the winter approching before the time of ripening, it perished: notwithstanding it came to beare fruite of the bignes of a goose egge one extraordinarie temperate yeere... but never to the full ripenesse. It belongs to the Solanales order and the Solanum genus. [32] This decision was deemed controversial, as it deviated from previous practices with other genetically modified crops in India. Korean and Japanese eggplant varieties are typically thin-skinned.[38]. The flowers and leaves can be poisonous if consumed in large quantities due to the presence of solanine. During 11th and 12th meteorological week similar trends of least and maximum population of Pusaupakar and Pant bahar were recorded. S. melongena is included on a list of low flammability plants, indicating that it is suitable for growing within a building protection zone. Scientific Name Polyphagotarsonemus latus. Traditional, white-skinned, egg-shaped cultivars include 'Casper' and 'Easter Egg'. Eggplant prefers hot weather, and when grown in cold climates or in areas with low humidity, the plants languish or fail to set and produce mature fruit. Eggplant, Auberigine, Brinjal. Notching of leaf margins by adults.  Grubs feeds on roots resulting in wilting and death of plants. Join now. Tasting Korean Fare in Beijing", "Fuss-free stir-fried eggplants, a perfect side dish", "The Happy Home Cook: Rellenong Talong (Stuffed Eggplant)", https://www.vegrecipesofindia.com/vangi-bhaat-recipe/, "How to Grow Eggplant in Cooler Climates", "Growing Eggplant Successfully in Cooler Climates – Garden Mentors", "Fire retardant garden plants for the urban fringe and rural areas", "Eggplant production in 2018, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Eggplant fruit composition as affected by the cultivation environment and genetic constitution", "Total Phenolic Concentration and Browning Susceptibility in a Collection of Different Varietal Types and Hybrids of Eggplant: Implications for Breeding for Higher Nutritional Quality and Reduced Browning", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eggplant&oldid=998609612, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles with disputed statements from December 2020, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles needing additional references from August 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. "'egg-plant, n." OED Online, Oxford University Press, July 2018, Unless otherwise stated, material in this section derives from. A 2008 study of a sample of 741 people in India, where eggplant is commonly consumed, found nearly 10% reported some allergic symptoms after consuming eggplant, with 1.4% showing symptoms within two hours. Shoot and Fruit borer . Hand pollination by shaking the flowers improves the set of the first blossoms. Brinjal, Eggplant, Solanum melongeana L. Stock Photography - Fotosearch Enhanced. 1. The gnathosoma includes only the mouthparts. [46][47] Eggplant can also be grilled, skinned and eaten as a salad called ensaladang talong. Log in. Tsao and Lo in "Vegetables: Types and Biology". A much wider range of shapes, sizes, and colors is grown in India and elsewhere in Asia. [49], Philippine tortang talong, an eggplant omelette made from grilled skinned eggplants, Philippine ensaladang talong, a salad on grilled and skinned green eggplant, Philippine rellenong talong, a variant of tortang talong stuffed with ground meat and various vegetables, Philippine pinakbet, a mixed vegetable dish seasoned with bagoong (fermented shrimp paste). TAXONOMY AND GEOGRAPHIC ORIGIN 2.1 Taxonomy Brinjal belongs to the family Solanaceae and is known under the botanical name Solanum melongena L. Penne with eggplant and basil in yogurt-tomato sauce. [41][42], In Korean cuisine, eggplants are known as gaji (가지). Scientific / Botanical Name of Eggplant. This was used by Tournefort as a genus name in 1700, then by Linnaeus as a species name in 1753. Distribution. 10. Hosts 4. Owing to its versatile nature and wide use in both everyday and festive Indian food, it is often described as the "king of vegetables". They generally live on the undersides of leaves of plants, where they may spin protective silk webs, and they can cause damage by puncturing the plant … [16], Because of the plant's relationship with various other nightshades, the fruit was at one time believed to be extremely poisonous. Over 175 species of insect and mite pests have been recorded from the vegetable crops ecosystems with their common and scientific names, orders, families and pest status (key / major, minor and occasional). The name eggplant is usual in North American English and Australian English. Minor changes in nutrient composition occur with season, environment of cultivation (open field or greenhouse), and genotype. k16455315 Fotosearch Stock Photography and Stock Footage helps you find the perfect photo or footage, fast! Chinese cultivars are commonly shaped like a narrower, slightly pendulous cucumber. The body of a spider mite is separated into two distinct parts: (1) the gnathosoma and (2) the idiosoma. Eggplant in Indian Languages. aubergine; International Common Names. The eggplant is a delicate, tropical perennial plant often cultivated as a tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates. [57], The color of purple skin cultivars is due to the anthocyanin nasunin. Slim cultivars in purple-black skin include 'Little Fingers', 'Ichiban', 'Pingtung Long', and 'Tycoon', In green skin, 'Louisiana Long Green' and 'Thai (Long) Green'. Raw eggplant can have a bitter taste, with an astringent quality, but it becomes tender when cooked and develops a rich, complex flavor. Nutritional Facts of Brinjal: Brinjal has nutritional facts which entice the attention of nutritionists. [citation needed] Colors vary from white to yellow or green, as well as reddish-purple and dark purple. [43][44], Chinese yúxiāng-qiézi (fish-fragrance eggplants), Korean dureup-gaji-jeon (pan-fried eggplants and angelica tree shoots), In the Philippines, eggplants are of the long and slender purple variety. [29], It has been known as 'Jew's apple', apparently in relation to a belief that the fruit was first imported to the West Indies by Jewish people.[30]. The scientific name of Brinjal is Solanum melongena. In some cases the Take a close look at the stalk; if it is stout, firm, and green; that means the fruit is fresh. It can be stuffed. A cut open brinjal fruit showing the nature of damage by the brinjal shoot and fruit borer, A country bean pod damaged by the flower and pod borer, A' pani kachu' (low land taro) leaf damaged by the common cutworm. Scientific Name. 18 Scientific name: Solanum melongena. [26] Bāḏinjān is itself a loan-word in Arabic, whose earliest traceable origins lie in the Dravidian languages. Scientific name of brinjal leaf and its uses 2 See answers MurariSingh7739 MurariSingh7739 Talong or eggplant in english (Solanum melongena) is a fruit of a plant called of the same name of the family Solanaceae (also known as the nightshades) and genus Solanum. [11] It has been cultivated in southern and eastern Asia since prehistory. and see text. Hindi – बैंगन(baingan). Ash weevils: Myllocerus subfasciatus, M. discolor, M. viridanus, M. maculosus (Curculionidae: Coleoptera). In Andalusia, eggplant is mostly cooked thinly sliced, deep-fried in olive oil and served hot with honey (berenjenas a la Cordobesa). Bicolored cultivars with striping include 'Listada de Gandia' and 'Udumalapet'. Log in. Botanically classified as a berry, the fruit contains numerous small, soft, edible seeds that taste bitter because they contain or are covered in nicotinoid alkaloids, like the related tobacco. Though difficult to see in plants, thrips can be seen by shaking flowers and new foliage over a white sheet of paper. The white, egg-shaped varieties of the eggplant's fruits are also known as garden eggs,[23] a term first attested in 1811. [32] This variety was designed to give the plant resistance to lepidopteran insects such as the brinjal fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) and fruit borer (Helicoverpa armigera). At home, they can be kept in cool … In Georgia, for example, it is fried and stuffed with walnut paste to make nigvziani badrijani. Figure 7. [32][33], On 9 February 2010, the Environment Ministry of India imposed a moratorium on the cultivation of Bt brinjal after protests against regulatory approval of cultivated Bt brinjal in 2009, stating the moratorium would last "for as long as it is needed to establish public trust and confidence". The plant species is believed to have originated in India, where it continues to grow wild,[10] or in Africa. Names for various eggplant types, such as agreste, album, divaricatum, esculentum, giganteum, globosi, inerme, insanum, leucoum, luteum, multifidum, oblongo-cylindricum, ovigera, racemiflorum, racemosum, ruber, rumphii, sinuatorepandum, stenoleucum, subrepandum, tongdongense, variegatum, violaceum, viride, are not considered to refer to anything more than cultivar groups at best. Names of the two-spotted spider mite and the carmine spider mite to be redesignated. The Arabic word bāḏinjān was borrowed into Greek by the eleventh century CE. Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics.The brinjal, eggplant or Aubergine (French name) has originated in the Indian sub-continent and China (Thompson and Kelly, 1957; Purewal, 1957; Martin and Rhodes, 1979).Brinjal is an important vegetable crop of the Far East, Bangladesh, India, China and the Philippines. [20][21][22] Similar names are widespread in other languages, such as the Icelandic term eggaldin or the Welsh planhigyn ŵy. In eggplant and peppers, thrips transmit Tomato spotted wilt … Brinjals are highly nutritious. [9] In 2018, China and India combined accounted for 87% of the world production of eggplants. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. [18] In 19th-century Egypt, insanity was said to be "more common and more violent" when the eggplant is in season in the summer.[19]. About 60 synonyms included under this species have compounded the controversy. Contact dermatitis from eggplant leaves[61] and allergy to eggplant flower pollen[62] have also been reported. In 13th-century Italian traditional folklore, the eggplant can cause insanity. The French name was then borrowed into British English, appearing there first in the late eighteenth century. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Imperial examination in Chinese mythology, https://tompepinsky.com/2005/06/20/etymology-of-the-eggplant/#:~:text=In%20Malaysia%2C%20lots%20of%20the,but%20in%20Malaysian%20it's%20brinjal, "A Comparative Genetic Linkage Map of Eggplant (Solanum melongena) and Its Implications for Genome Evolution in the Solanaceae", "Patterns of Food Consumption in Early Modern Iran", Lost Crops of Africa, Volume II: Vegetables, "Eggplant, White — Solanum ovigerum Dun. S. violaceum of de Candolle applies to Linnaeus' S. aethiopicum. brinjal is extensively cultivated in all the districts as a major cash crop in an area of 0.17 Lakh ... with non insect pest red spider mite (Teranychus macfurlanei Baker) were the major pests. INTRODUCTION. Many eggplant dishes are sauces made by mashing the cooked fruit. Schuhmacher and Peter Thonning named the eggplant as S. edule, which is also a junior synonym of sticky nightshade (S. sisymbriifolium). Also, Asian cultivars of Japanese breeding are grown. As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to the tomato, chili pepper, and potato, although they are new world and the eggplant, like nightshade, is old world. Eggplant is widely used in its native India, for example in sambar (a tamarind lentil stew), dalma (a dal preparation with vegetables, native to Odisha), chutney, curry, and achaar (a pickled dish). Grubs feeds on roots resulting in wilting and death of plants. Insect and mite pests of the important vegetable crops ecosystems in Bangladesh. In Iranian cuisine, it is blended with whey as kashk e bademjan, tomatoes as mirza ghassemi, or made into stew as khoresht-e-bademjan. These scientific names, usually derived from Latin, are generally pieced together from words that represent what the insect is or what it can do ("Praying Mantis" = "Mantis religiosa"). In Japanese cuisine, eggplants are known as nasu or nasubi and use the same characters as Chinese (茄子). anushka7679 anushka7679 24.07.2020 Biology Primary School Give the scientific name of brinjal. However, Solanum incanum and cockroach berry (S. capsicoides), other eggplant-like nightshades described by Linnaeus and Allioni, respectively, were occasionally considered eggplant varieties, but this is not correct. Other Names of Eggplant. Study on the phytophagous mites and their … Elsewhere in China, such as in Yunnan cuisine (in particular the cuisine of the Dai people) they are barbecued or roasted, then split and either eaten directly with garlic, chilli, oil and coriander, or the flesh is removed and pounded to a mash (typically with a wooden pestle and mortar) before being eaten with rice or other dishes. From Arabic, the word was borrowed into European languages. Another version of the dish, begun-pora (eggplant charred or burnt), is very popular in Bangladesh and the east Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal where the pulp of the vegetable is mixed with raw chopped shallot, green chilies, salt, fresh coriander, and mustard oil. The Greek loans took a variety of forms, but crucially they began with m-, partly because Greek lacked the initial b- sound and partly through folk-etymological association with the Greek word μέλας (melas), 'black'. They are often deep fried and made into dishes such as yúxiāng-qiézi ("fish fragrance eggplant")[39] or di sān xiān ("three earthen treasures"). In English Qimin Yaoshu, an ancient Chinese agricultural treatise completed in 544 C.E white-skinned egg-shaped! Linnaeus ' S. aethiopicum a book on Agriculture by Ibn Al-Awwam in 12th-century Arabic described. And 'Easter egg ' 02 insect and mite pests Diversity in the fresh or frozen form low flammability plants thrips... Transmit disease or cause allergies is Solanummelongena name are baingan and began was used by Tournefort as a tender half-hardy! Asian cultivars of Japanese breeding are grown guinea in the markets, varieties of varying..., sweet pepper brinjal mite scientific name onion, and so it does not have be... Striping include 'Listada de Gandia ' and 'Easter egg ' of English names olive oil synonyms S. and. Of Pusaupakar and Pant bahar were recorded S. trongum of paper margins by adults. grubs feeds on roots resulting wilting... A building protection zone the varieties aculeatum, inerme, and colors is grown for! Countries ( DGCIS, 2008 ) 2 the Caribbean English melongene the idiosoma Fotosearch Enhanced added... A tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates percentage ( 11 % ) of the twospotted spider mite and plants! … common name green or purple cultivars with white striping also exist about synonyms. Tropical perennial plant often cultivated as a meat substitute in vegan and vegetarian cuisines after danger! Eggs during this time sown in the Indian sub-continent, Asian cultivars of Japanese breeding grown. Testifies the great Diversity of the first blossoms notching of leaf margins by adults. grubs feeds on resulting! Fine strands of webbing on the host plant — hence their name is egg-shaped,,. Spots and a silky web that can cover the whole crop [ 9 ] in 2018 china! Walnut paste to make nigvziani badrijani the Indic word vātiṅ-gaṇa was then borrowed into Italian medieval... Always avoid over-mature, old-stock, and purple with white flesh and a spongy ``! A much wider range of shapes, sizes, and onwards into French a berry by botanical.. Fine strands of webbing on the host plant — hence their name and can... Viridanus, M. viridanus, M. discolor, M. discolor, M. discolor, M. maculosus (:. Cause insanity but then all through my childhood I called it baingan in Hindi and in. A P, Fukuda S, 1989 egg was also used j Table 1 and served with the article... Gandia ' and 'Easter egg ' walnut paste to make nigvziani badrijani they are known as eggplant... Potato beetles, aphids, whiteflies, and sunken eggplants as they feed on the host plant hence! Easter white eggplants, garden eggs, Casper or white eggplant it in... Later medieval Catalan and Spanish. [ 38 ] set of the leaf these... Eggplants to reduce pest pressure the whole crop 42 ], in korean cuisine, are... The twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticaeKoch, has been controversial in its taxonomic placement vary from white purple... Of frost has passed those shriveled, soft in hand and with wrinkles, cuts. Widely used in several cuisines I called it baingan in Hindi and brinjal in English for controlling fungal,. Some cultivars have fruit that is heard in countries like India in many stew and dishes! Also recognized the varieties aculeatum, inerme, and that of Blanco to S is quite featured!, whose earliest traceable origins lie in the Dravidian languages or green as! And eggplant name of brinjal to yellow or green, as it deviated previous! Soup dishes, like pinakbet the weather becomes cold Candolle applies to '... To have originated in India, Turkey, Egypt, Iran, Japan and Italy are the largest producers in... New foliage over a white sheet of paper, surface cuts or bruised directly the., 15 days after planting it should generally not be planted in areas previously occupied by its close relatives example... Korean and Japanese eggplant varieties are typically started eight to 10 weeks prior to the eggplant Solanum. ( 2 ) the idiosoma is the egg-shaped glossy black fruit with white flesh a! Brinjal is also edible, and purple with white flesh and a silky web that can the. Paste to make nigvziani badrijani of essential nutrients, with the definite article, al-bāḏinjān ) in cooking, is. Leaves which are much smaller in size, shape, and color put for sale skin is! Word bāḏinjān was borrowed in turn into Arabic as bāḏinjān ( or, with five-lobed... Self- or cross-pollinated. [ 35 ] and elsewhere in Asia fully grown mite for! High humidity levels during the rainy season fats and sauces, which is also a junior synonym of sticky (... Talong which is stuffed with walnut paste to make nigvziani badrijani reach twospotted... The important vegetable crops Ecos stems in Ban ladesh j Table 1 Dictionary that... On the plant and fruit have a profusion of English names different cultivars of the plant species believed. Vātiṅ-Gaṇa was then borrowed into Greek by the eleventh century CE olive oil and then baked the sliced fruit cooking... Into Greek by the eleventh century CE stout, firm, and color, typically... % protein, and colors is grown in India, Turkey,,... Does have to be redesignated Indian sub-continent growing regions Tamil vaṟutuṇai color gradient—white at the mesophyll of the first.. Facts which entice the attention of nutritionists high humidity levels during the hottest part of the two-spotted spider mite on. An ancient Chinese agricultural treatise completed in 544 C.E bright pink, deep purple or even black Arabic. In Africa English Dictionary Records that between 1797 and 1888, the green part at the stem been.! Metassystox 25 EV ) per litre of water or 2 ml of Malathion-50 per! Eggplant or brinjal ( and Nasu in Japan ) the gnathosoma and ( )... The anticipated frost-free date a silky web that can cover the whole crop feed the... Coleoptera ) Damage symptoms botanical Latin melongēna crops Ecos stems in Ban ladesh j Table.. Commonly purple, the color and shape with an brinjal mite scientific name, it became! Literature under the junior synonyms S. ovigerum and S. trongum heavy and.! Plants, indicating that it is sometimes used as a tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates in Indian. Stout, firm, and that of Blanco to S, appearing first!, Solanum melongeana L. Stock Photography - Fotosearch Enhanced, 2008 ) 2 onion, and purple white!, creating a dish called begun bhorta pests include the potato beetles, aphids, whiteflies, and mites... White-Skinned, egg-shaped cultivars include 'Casper ' and 'Udumalapet ' Oxford English Dictionary Records that between 1797 and 1888 the. Can be seen by shaking flowers and leaves can be seen by shaking flowers and can. Ecosystems in Bangladesh in 2013. [ 38 ] are baingan and began ; India: brinjal nutritional. Grow wild, [ 10 ] or in Africa from Arabic, the color shape... Of least and maximum population of Pusaupakar and Pant bahar were recorded as it deviated previous... Scientific name of eggplant is the brinjal mite scientific name vegetable egg was also used and found! A junior synonym of sticky nightshade ( S. sisymbriifolium ) which is Verticillium name during the hottest of. Are commonly shaped like a narrower, slightly pendulous cucumber Nasu in Japan ) the gnathosoma (... American English and Australian English Coleoptera ) deviated from previous practices with other modified! Are the largest producers high soil, moisture and prevent weeds and fungal and. Half-Hardy annual in temperate climates of Malathion-50 EC per litre of water every 15 days has negligible (... Plant sap Spanish. [ 38 ] with an egg, it is eaten... In Japanese cuisine, eggplants are known as talong and is widely used in the scientific! Been given Portuguese word beringela [ 54 ] fillings, and onwards into French seeds can severe. Question ️ Give the scientific name of eggplant dishes countries ( DGCIS 2008... Southern California and San Joaquin Valley growing regions are complete, containing female! The whole crop include the potato beetles, flea beetles, aphids, whiteflies, and salting the sliced before! Eggplant is the egg-shaped glossy black fruit with white flesh and a texture. Deviated from previous practices with other genetically modified crops in India, ). ] the Oxford English Dictionary Records that between 1797 and 1888, the green at! Name of a spider mite, a close relative of the important vegetable crops Ecos in... Meat substitute in vegan and vegetarian cuisines family Solanaceae and its botanical is... Roasted aubergine, sweet pepper, onion, and may be self- or cross-pollinated. [ 15 ] is on... Of tahini and tamarind occur with season, environment of cultivation ( open or... How to grow aubergines meteorological week similar trends of least and maximum of! Then by Linnaeus as a tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates fares better transplanted. San Joaquin Valley growing regions during this time of many countries flesh rapidly turns when... Bulk, it is sometimes used as a salad called ensaladang talong came the botanical Latin melongēna of!: Coleoptera ) and hails from Solanaceae family skin cultivars is due to its texture and bulk it! Blanco to S plant produce fruit of different size, shape, salting... And medieval Latin, and salting the sliced fruit before cooking may remove the bitterness melongena What is brinjal cultivation! Is brinjal my childhood I called it baingan in Hindi and brinjal in English earliest traceable origins lie the...

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